36v, 52v, and 72v Ebike Systems: Pros and Cons

Voltage Comparisons: 36V, 52V, and 72V for Ebikes

When choosing an ebike conversion kit, the voltage of the system is a key factor that affects performance, speed, range, and suitability for different riding styles and bike types. Here’s a breakdown of the pros and cons of 36V, 52V, and 72V systems:

36V Systems


  • Efficiency: 36V systems are typically more energy-efficient, making them suitable for longer rides on moderate terrain.
  • Cost: Generally, 36V systems are more affordable both in terms of the initial setup and battery replacements.
  • Compatibility: Most standard ebike motors and controllers are designed for 36V, making it easier to find compatible parts and accessories.
  • Weight: 36V batteries are lighter, which is beneficial for maintaining a manageable bike weight.


  • Power Output: Provides less power compared to higher voltage systems, which may not be sufficient for steep hills or heavy loads.
  • Speed: Lower top speeds, making them less ideal for those seeking high-speed performance.

Best Suited For:

  • Casual Riders: Ideal for commuting, leisure rides, and moderate terrains.
  • Standard Bikes: Great for regular bicycles converted to ebikes for everyday use.

52V Systems


  • Power: Higher power output compared to 36V systems, providing better acceleration and performance on hills.
  • Speed: Higher top speeds, making it suitable for more dynamic and adventurous riding.
  • Efficiency at Higher Loads: More efficient at delivering power when riding at higher speeds or with heavier loads.


  • Cost: More expensive than 36V systems due to the higher performance components.
  • Weight: Slightly heavier batteries and components compared to 36V systems.

Best Suited For:

  • Performance Riders: Those looking for a balance between power and efficiency.
  • Versatile Riding: Suitable for mixed terrains, including moderate hills and off-road conditions.

72V Systems


  • Maximum Power: Significantly higher power output, ideal for very steep hills, heavy loads, and high-speed performance.
  • Speed: Capable of achieving the highest speeds among the three options, making it ideal for speed enthusiasts.
  • Heavy-Duty Use: Excellent for cargo bikes, off-road riding, and applications requiring sustained high power.


  • Cost: The most expensive option, both for the initial setup and maintenance.
  • Complexity: Requires more advanced components and expertise to install and maintain.
  • Weight and Size: Heavier and bulkier batteries, which can affect the handling and balance of the bike.

Best Suited For:

  • High-Performance Riders: Enthusiasts looking for top-tier performance and speed.
  • Specialized Bikes: Cargo bikes, off-road bikes, and custom builds that require significant power and durability.

Choosing the Right Voltage for Your Needs

  1. Casual Commuting and Leisure Rides:

    • 36V: Best for everyday commuting, light exercise, and leisurely rides on relatively flat terrain.
  2. Performance and Versatile Riding:

    • 52V: Suitable for riders who want a good balance of power, speed, and efficiency for mixed terrain and moderate hills.
  3. High-Speed and Heavy-Duty Use:

    • 72V: Ideal for those needing maximum power for steep hills, heavy loads, and high-speed performance, such as cargo bikes and off-road adventures.

Choosing the right voltage depends on your specific needs, riding style, and the type of bike you have. Consider your typical riding conditions and desired performance level to select the system that best fits your requirements.